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  • Writer's pictureDr. Danielle Ofri

Understanding Atarax: Uses, Side Effects, Dosage, and More

Atarax - What is it?

Atarax is a brand name for a medication that contains the active ingredient hydroxyzine. Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine medication used to treat various conditions such as allergic reactions, itching, and to relieve anxiety and tension. It can also be used as a sleep aid for insomnia.

Atarax is available in various forms, including tablets, syrup, and injections, and may be prescribed by a doctor depending on specific symptoms and patient needs. Before starting to use Atarax or any other medication, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure it is suitable for your individual needs and safe for

A serene illustration depicting the calming use of Atarax (hydroxyzine) in a therapeutic setting. The artwork features peaceful environments and soothing colors, symbolizing the medication's effectiveness in treating allergies, anxiety, and insomnia. The style exudes tranquility, reflecting Atarax's role in promoting health and wellbeing.
Tranquility in Treatment: The Soothing Effect of Atarax

History of the Medication

A medication containing the active ingredient hydroxyzine can have different brand names in different countries. Here are some examples:

United States and Canada: In the United States and Canada, a medication containing hydroxyzine may be sold under brand names such as "Atarax" or "Vistaril."

United Kingdom: In the United Kingdom, it may be referred to as "Atarax" or "Hydroxyzine."

France: In France, the medication with hydroxyzine can be sold under the names "Atarax" or "Ucerax."

Germany: In Germany, hydroxyzine may be available under the names "Atarax" or "Atarax Sine."

Russia: In Russia, hydroxyzine may be sold under various brand names, including "Атаракс," "Гидроксизин," "Вистарил," and others.

These are just a few examples. Names can vary depending on the manufacturer and regional markets, so it's always important to check local medical resources or consult with a healthcare professional for accurate information about available brand names of the medication in your country.

Drug Discovery and Development

The medication Atarax (hydroxyzine) was developed and synthesized in the mid-20th century. Hydroxyzine is a first-generation histamine antagonist, and it was initially created for the treatment of allergic reactions. Here is a brief history of its development:

1950s: Hydroxyzine was synthesized and first described in scientific literature in the 1950s. It was created with the goal of developing a new antihistamine drug.

Research in Allergy: In its early years, hydroxyzine was studied for the treatment of allergic reactions, such as itching, rash, and nasal congestion. It was one of the first antihistamine drugs.

Development of Other Applications: Later, it was discovered that hydroxyzine also had anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) and sedative properties. These properties led to the use of the drug in the treatment of anxiety disorders and sleep disorders.

Commercialization: Hydroxyzine was introduced to the market under various brand names, including Atarax, Vistaril, and others. These brands became widely available and received approval for medical use.

Over time, hydroxyzine remained an important antihistamine and anxiolytic medication. It's important to note that with the emergence of new drugs and advances in medical science and technology since the 1950s, other medications for the treatment of allergies, anxiety disorders, and sleep disorders have been developed. However, Atarax remains one of the oldest and well-known drugs in this field.

Indications for prescription:

Allergic reactions: Atarax may be prescribed to treat the symptoms of allergic reactions, such as itching, rash, swelling, and nasal congestion.

Anxiety disorders: The medication can be used to treat anxiety states and anxiety disorders.

Insomnia: At times, Atarax is used to improve sleep in cases of insomnia.


Hypersensitivity: Atarax is contraindicated in individuals with a known hypersensitivity to hydroxyzine or other components of the medication.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding: The use of Atarax may require special caution in pregnant women and during breastfeeding. The decision to prescribe it should be made by a doctor.

Patients at increased risk: Atarax should be used with caution in patients with acute glaucoma, seizure disorders, disorders of the excretory system, and other medical conditions.

By prescription:

Atarax is dispensed by prescription for the following reasons:

Quality and safety control: Atarax has potential side effects and can interact with other medications. Medical supervision allows the doctor to assess how safe and effective the medication is for a specific patient.

Individual dosage selection: The dosage of Atarax can vary depending on the severity of symptoms and the patient's needs. The doctor prescribes the optimal dose, taking into account the patient's medical history.

Control of potential side effects: The doctor can monitor the patient to track and manage potential side effects that may occur with the use of the medication.

Therefore, it is important to consult a healthcare professional before starting to use Atarax, and to strictly follow their prescription to ensure safe and effective treatment.

An artistic and visually striking illustration portraying Atarax (hydroxyzine) as a harmonious solution for managing allergies, anxiety, and insomnia. The image creatively combines calm landscapes, relaxed individuals, and symbols of restful sleep, emphasizing the positive impact of Atarax on enhancing life quality for those dealing with these health issues. The style is imaginative and colorful, bringing to life the concept of relief and wellbeing.
Harmony of Health: Atarax as a Beacon of Relief

The medication Atarax (hydroxyzine) can cause various side effects in some patients. Not all patients will necessarily experience these effects, and their severity may vary. It is important to remember that Atarax should be used under the supervision of a doctor, and patients should report any unpleasant or unusual symptoms to their healthcare professional. Here are some of the possible side effects of Atarax:

Drowsiness: One of the most common side effects is drowsiness. Patients may feel tired and sleepy, especially at the beginning of the treatment.

Dizziness: Hydroxyzine can cause dizziness, which may affect the ability to drive a car or perform hazardous tasks.

Dry mouth: Some patients may experience dryness in the mouth after taking Atarax.

Gastrointestinal disturbances: Gastrointestinal issues such as nausea, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea may occur.

Headache: Hydroxyzine may lead to headaches or migraines in some patients.

Increased blood pressure: Some individuals may experience changes in blood pressure.

Allergic reactions: In rare cases, allergic reactions like rash, itching, swelling, or difficulty breathing may occur. If allergic symptoms occur, it is important to seek immediate medical attention.

Seizures: In rare instances, hydroxyzine may trigger seizures.

This is not an exhaustive list of possible side effects. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional about any troubling symptoms when using Atarax, especially if they become severe or persistent. Changing the dosage or discontinuing Atarax without consulting a doctor is not recommended.

Forms of the medication:

Tablets: Atarax is often produced in the form of tablets, which may come in different dosages, such as 10 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, or 100 mg.

Syrup: This medication may be available in the form of syrup for oral administration. Dosages may vary, typically ranging from 2 mg/mL to 10 mg/mL.

Injection solution: Atarax may also be produced as an injectable solution, but this is a less common form primarily used in hospital settings.

Capsules: In some countries, the medication may be available in capsule form, typically with extended-release formulations.


The dosage of Atarax depends on the specific medical indication and the medical evaluation of the patient. Typically, dosages may include:

  • For alleviating allergy symptoms: 25 mg to 50 mg per day, divided into several doses.

  • For the treatment of anxiety disorders: Dosage may vary but usually starts at 50 mg per day and may be increased as needed.

  • For the treatment of insomnia: Typically, a dosage of 50 mg is prescribed before bedtime.

It's important to note that the specific dosage and form of Atarax may be tailored individually based on the patient's needs and the doctor's recommendations. Always follow your doctor's instructions and the information on the medication's packaging.

Advantages of Atarax:

Antihistamine Action: Atarax is a first-generation antihistamine, meaning it has the ability to block the action of histamine, which can help reduce the symptoms of allergic reactions such as itching, rash, and swelling.

Anxiolytic (Anti-Anxiety) Action: Hydroxyzine, the active ingredient in Atarax, also has anxiolytic properties, making it useful in treating anxiety states and anxiety disorders.

Improvement of Sleep: Atarax can help improve sleep quality and reduce the time it takes to fall asleep, which is why it is sometimes used to treat insomnia.

Sedative (Calming) Effect: This medication can induce drowsiness and a calming effect, which can be beneficial in the treatment of anxious and agitated states.

Clinical Trials:

Medications, including Atarax, undergo a series of clinical trials to assess their safety and efficacy. Controlled studies are conducted on large groups of patients during clinical trials. The results of these trials help determine how the medication affects patients, what dosages are effective, and what potential side effects may occur.

Changes and Improvements:

Over time, medications may undergo changes and improvements to enhance their safety and effectiveness. New forms of the medication, additional dosages, and improved manufacturing methods may be developed. Sometimes, such changes are made in response to new medical research or regulatory updates.

It's important to remember that Atarax and other medical drugs should be used only as prescribed by a doctor, and patients should discuss their needs and potential side effects with healthcare professionals.

Determining the appropriate dosage: A doctor can determine the optimal dosage of Atarax based on the patient's specific medical needs and the severity of their condition. This is important to ensure effective treatment and prevent potential side effects.

Ruling out contraindications: The doctor will assess the patient's medical history and check for contraindications or medical conditions that may affect the safety of using Atarax.

Managing side effects: A doctor can warn about possible side effects and assist in managing them if they occur.

Identifying medical needs: The doctor can also assess whether Atarax is truly suitable for treating the patient's specific medical condition or if there are more appropriate alternatives.

The Crucial Role of Medical Consultation

As for purchasing Atarax, the medication can be obtained from pharmacies with a doctor's prescription. It should never be bought or used without consulting a doctor, especially if it requires a prescription.

Trusting Online Pharmacies

Regarding online pharmacies, you can trust reputable and licensed online pharmacies that adhere to laws and standards for the sale of pharmaceuticals. However, it's essential to exercise caution and choose well-established and respected online pharmacies. Before purchasing medication online, it's advisable to consult with a doctor and ensure that the pharmacy has a good reputation and provides the necessary documentation and prescriptions when required. It is not recommended to buy medications of dubious origin or from unreliable sources on the internet.

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